Do You Need an Air Receiver Tank for Your Air Compressor
Many types of industries use air compressors, including construction, manufacturing, agriculture, and HVAC. This is one reason why air compressors need to range in size. For instance, mechanics might use a small air compressor to inflate tires, while pipelines utilize compressors larger than a semi-truck. What’s more, industries can choose from different types of air compressors.
Regardless of size and type factors, businesses should evaluate if an air tank receiver should be part of their air compressor system.
Air Receiver Tank Basics
The name gives you the fundamental of this piece of equipment — it receives and stores air. In fact, receiver tanks are usually part of a full arrangement of air distribution. At one end, you have the compressors. At the other end, you usually have an intermediate control that acts as a buffer between the air supply and air demand areas.
The receiver tank comes just before the intermediate control. And in addition to storing compressed air, the tank helps stabilize the plant’s air pressure by reducing pressure fluctuations that come from changes in load from the compressor.
The receiver tank is typically a cylinder, which lends the tank strength. Receiver tanks also feature a safety relief valve, which protects against an influx of high pressurization. The tanks also usually have gauges that tell you the pressure and temperature inside the tank.
Receiver Tanks and Air Treatment
Depending on your air compression setup, you can also utilize receiver tanks for air treatment. When a compressor is in use, it generates a lot of heat. That heat is transferred to the compressed air, which can come out hot. Receiver tanks are usually sized larger than the compressor’s capacity to produce air. Therefore, the tanks feature large surface areas that dissipate the heat.
The large surface area also serves another purpose — to condense moisture from the air. Moisture is another byproduct of the compression, and this excess moisture condenses onto the walls of the oversized tank. So, the air going to the demand side of the setup will be dry. Some plants have two types of receiver tanks — both wet and dry.
Receiver Tanks Layout
Air compression can be an inefficient process if not used correctly. Many plant managers use air compression for basic tasks that can be more efficiently served by different processes. For instance, many workers use a compressor to blow off a dirty or wet piece of machinery. However, low-pressure blowers or brooms might be more appropriate.
The correct application of air receiver tanks can help increase the efficiency of your air compressor system. You should plan out the overall layout of the distribution system, or the piping that carries the compressed air to the plant floor. The layout is process-dependent, so the receiver tanks should be located in some high-demand locations.
This application of the receiver tanks affords you the opportunity to control some of the areas that have access to the compressed air. If you don’t want your workers using the compressed air for blow offs or other inefficient applications, you can design your receiver tank layout accordingly.
Receiver Tank Application Uses
Keeping the above observation about inefficiency in mind, plant managers or owners must decide for themselves how they want their air compressors used. While one owner may eschew the misuse of air, another may prefer not to buy new equipment or have workers use time on time-consuming measures for cleanup.
So air receiver tanks provide a vessel for when your plant’s operations require a large volume of air for a short period of time. Some businesses require the use of air-powered tools or air motors. Receiver tanks can also dispense air for sand- or shot-blasting as well as pneumatic cylinders or pistons and pneumatic controls.
Except in business with small air compressor operations, an air receiver tank is a benefit if not a necessity to operations. Compressor-Pump & Service, Inc., can provide air receivers that meet your system’s needs.